Article Correctness Is Author's Responsibility: Copy/paste and delete — or how to thrive without gene regulation

(Institute of Science and Technology Austria) Turning genes on and off as needed allows an organism to adapt to changes in the environment -- provided the organism has a specific regulatory design in place. Scientists from the Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria) have shown that under rare or rapidly changing conditions, the fitness of a population of bacteria can increase simply by producing a higher number of copies of one and the same gene. The results are highly relevant in resistance to antibiotics treatment.